None of the history classes in my school answered what is thought to be one of the biggest and most important questions about human civilization —
Why do some societies advance so much faster and further than others? In other words —
…why were Europeans, rather than Africans or Native Americans, the ones to end up with guns, the nastiest germs, and steel?
Jared Diamond, in his book, argues that societies that had a head start in food production advanced beyond the hunter-gatherer stage, and then developed writing, technology, government, and organized religion. These were the people who developed potent weapons of war and adventured on sea and land to conquer other cultures.
And this early advantage in food production was conferred to these societies because of their geographical milieu. Which means the sequence of events that eventually shaped the modern world, can all be tied back to environmental factors.
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